Invented by special effects and sound technician Bill Garity at The Walt Disney Studios, the camera was a game-changer for the animation industry. In the words of Walt Disney, the invention revolutionized animation, forever making cartoons “more realistic and enjoyable.”
The Multiplane Camera’s setup is intricate. A camera points down at a series of glass panes, each of which features different layers of a landscape. The camera zooms in and out of each layered pane to add depth to a story’s environment, as though the camera were moving through the layers of a virtual scenery. For example, to bring the foreground closer to viewers, panes could be maneuvered vertically while the background pane remained stationary.